Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of psychological measures between left-behind wives and non-left-behind wives ( χ ¯ ±SD )

From: Health-related quality of life and influencing factors among rural left-behind wives in Liuyang, China

  Left-behind wives (n = 1893) Non-left-behind wives (n = 969) |Cohen d|
CES-D 10.90 ± 10.37 7.93 ± 10.15** 0.29
PSS 17.23 ± 4.22 14.89 ± 6.70** 0.42
PSSS 59.84 ± 11.92 62.78 ± 12.03** 0.25
AC 20.62 ± 6.70 23.22 ± 7.96** 0.35
PC 10.61 ± 5.84 9.53 ± 5.93** 0.18
  1. **Significant difference between left-behind wives and non-left-behind wives, P < 0.01.
  2. CES-D: center for epidemiological studies depression scale; PSS: perceived stress scale; PSSS: perceived social support scale; AC: active coping; PC: passive coping.